Glenwood is located at the foot of Mt Adams,  in the scenic                     
Glenwood Valley/Camas Prairie  of Klickitat County. 
Note.....Mt. Adams  is NOT in Klickitat County.

PHOTO BY DARLISA [email protected] Starlisa.net






In 1855, the United States entered into a treaty with the Yakima Tribe of Indians. The treaty created a reservation, generally described by natural landmarks, for the exclusive use and benefit of the Tribe. Over the years, there have been continuing disputes regarding the true location of the reservation boundary.

In 1897, President Cleveland created by proclamation the Mount Rainier Forest Reserve in an area near the western boundary of the Yakima Reservation. In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt extended the boundary of that Forest to include a tract of some 21,000 acres, then mistakenly thought to be public land. The tract is included within a larger area now called the Gifford Pinchot National Forest. In 1942, a portion of the tract was designated the Mount Adams Wild Area, and this portion has been administered since 1964 for the public benefit under the Wilderness Act.

In 1966, the Indian Claims Commission found that this tract had originally been intended for inclusion in the Yakima Reservation. However, the Commission does not have authority to return specific property to a claimant; it may only grant money damages. Accordingly, the Tribe sought Executive action for return of its land.

The Attorney General has at my request reviewed the specific history and background of this particular case, including the principles which govern the taking of land by the United States and the question of whether this particular land was so taken. In a recent opinion, the Attorney General has advised me that, in these exceptional and unique circumstances, the land was not taken by the United States within the meaning of the Fifth Amendment and that possession of this particular tract can be restored to the Tribe by Executive action.

Now, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, particularly 16 U.S.C. 473, it is ordered as follows:

SECTION 1. A portion of the eastern boundary of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest is modified as follows:

Beginning at the point on the main ridge of the Cascade Mountains, where the Yakima Indian Reservation boundary as located by the 1926 Pecore survey from Goat Butte intersects said main ridge; thence southwesterly along the main ridge of the Cascade Mountains to the summit or the pinnacle of Mount Adams, as shown on the diagram of the Rainier National Forest attached to the Presidential proclamation of October 23, 1911, 37 Stat. 1718; thence southerly along a divide between the watersheds of the Klickitat and White Salmon Rivers as shown on the 1932 Calvin Reconnaissance Survey Map (Petitioner's Exhibit No. 4, Docket No. 47, Indian Claims Commission) to its intersection with the north line of Section 34, Township 7 North, Range 11 East, Willamette Meridian.

SEC. 2. The Secretary of the Interior is directed to assume jurisdiction over the tract of land heretofore administered as a portion of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest and excluded from the Forest by Section 1 of this order, and to administer it for the use and benefit of the Yakima Tribe of Indians as a portion of the reservation created by the Treaty of 1855, 12 Stat. 951.

SEC. 3. Any prior order or proclamation relating to the tract of land affected by this order, to the extent inconsistent with this order, is hereby superseded.


The White House,

May 20, 1972


(Circuit Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.  November 6, 1911
No. 1,916

PAGE 951

SEPT. 06, 2016
Federal Court dismisses Klickitat County's case over Yakama Nation Reservation boundary

A federal judge has dismissed Klickitat County’s lawsuit in a long-standing dispute over the border of the Yakama Nation Reservation.

The U.S. District Court ruling didn’t determine who had jurisdiction in a disputed 95,000 acres southeast of Mount Adams known as Tract D, but it concluded that Klickitat County lacks standing to ask the federal government to make a boundary decision.

“This just punted the ball,” said Klickitat County Prosecuting Attorney David Quesnel, who called the ruling frustrating. “We wanted to avoid a contest of wills over jurisdiction.”


April 19, 2016:  Wash. County Says DOI Breaking Law In Tribal Boundary Row
Law360, New York (April 19, 2016, 10:00 PM EDT) -- A Washington county sued the federal government Monday for allegedly interfering with its civil and criminal jurisdiction over a 99,000-acre plot by refusing to make a decision on whether the land rests within the external boundaries of a tribe’s reservation.
Klickitat County said the U.S. Department of the Interior and its Bureau of Indian Affairsviolated the Administrative Procedure Act when they accepted a January 2014 proclamation from the state that partially retrocedes jurisdiction to the federal government over lands “within the external boundaries” of the reservation belonging to the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation.


Darryl Lloyd was hired as a consultant during the surveying of Tract D in 1972. In this article he shares his inside perspective on the recent controversial retrocession of Tract D to the Yakama Nation.

I would like to share some historical information about the disputed Yakama Reservation boundary around the Glenwood Valley. I did extensive research on the U. S. Government's settlement of the claim when I lived in the valley, and I've kept a stack of documents and maps to back up facts.

The disputed boundary runs west from Grayback Mountain and dips southwest along the hills at the southern edge of the valley. It then curves north to the top of King Mountain along the divide between the Klickitat and White Salmon rivers. It encompasses the "Glenwood area," defined as a tract of some 97,909 acres (about 153 square miles). These are all patented lands within a larger Yakama Nation claim area known as "Tract D." The original Tract D contained some 121,466 acres.

In 1966, The Indian Claims Commission "allowed" the Yakama Nation's claim to Tract D, ruling that the area was "wrongfully excluded" from the Yakama Reservation under the Treaty of 1855. The original claim was for compensation for Tract D lands "lost" or erroneously excluded from the reservation. No assertions were made for boundary adjustments or restoration of the lands to the reservation until after the 1966 ruling.

Intense negotiations between the Yakama Nation and federal government followed the 1966 ruling. By 1968, a compromise agreement had separated the claim into lands that could be restored to the reservation (Bureau of Land Management, Gifford Pinchot National Forest) from lands that could not be added to the reservation-the Glenwood area. The 1946 federal claims law allowed only a government buyout of the area. Glenwood lands were considered "taken" under the 5th Amendment, for which the Tribe would be compensated in cash.

Federal lands within Tract D were administratively restored to the reservation in two parts: (1) in 1968, some 2,548 acres of unpatented BLM parcels located near the Klickitat River, and (2) in 1972, the 21,009-acre Mt. Adams area within GPNF-including 10,000 acres of designated Wilderness-by Executive Order 11670, signed by President Nixon.

Following Nixon's 1972 transfer, the Mt. Adams acreage was called "Tract D of the Yakama Reservation." This boundary has never been in dispute. It was surveyed in the summer of 1972, and I was hired on as the mountain consultant. The post-1972 name for the 21,000-acre "Tract D" may be confusing because the original "Tract D" in the Yakama's claim contained 121,466 acres.

On November 14th, 1968, the Glenwood area claim was settled. The Yakama Nation accepted a cash settlement of $2,100,000. Parties in the settlement were the Yakama Tribe, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Department of Justice and Indian Claims Commission. With respect to the 97,909-acre Glenwood area, all parties agreed that "the settlement shall constitute a final determination of all claims asserted or which could have been asserted by the Yakama Tribe."

It was a "final judgment." There could be no further "claims and demands" on the Glenwood area. The intent of Congress was to close the book on the issue. Section 22 of the 1946 Act says: "The payment of any claim, after its determination in accordance with this Act, shall be the full discharge of all claims and demands touching any of the matters involved in the controversy."

Or so the people of Glenwood thought. In 1977, a new Yakama Nation Water Code asserted jurisdiction over non-Indian water users in the valley. Glenwood water users sued the Yakama Tribal Council in federal court, disputing both the new boundary and tribal jurisdiction over non-Indian water users on non-Indian fee lands. Ten years later, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the water users, but the boundary issue was excluded in the ruling.

Between 1978 and 1981, the Bureau of Land Management surveyed a new reservation boundary around the Glenwood Valley, from Goat Butte to King Mountain. The boundary survey was ordered in 1976 by the Bureau of Indian Affairs office in Portland. No public meetings about the boundary change were held in Glenwood or anywhere else.

In 1978, U. S. Interior Department Solicitor Krulitz issued an opinion that the Glenwood area was inside the Yakama Reservation. But also in 1978, Jerome Kuykendall, Chairman of the Indian Claims Commission stated in a letter to Washington Congressman McCormack that the 97, 908-acre Glenwood area "in Tract D (is) outside the southwest boundary of the reservation." (Emphasis added.)

In a 1992 letter to Washington Congressman Morrison, U. S. Interior Department Solicitor Sansonetti justified inclusion of the Glenwood area in the Yakama Reservation. The solicitor based his opinion on the 1966 Indian Claims Commission decision and a legal analysis by a regional Interior Department solicitor in 1968.

All federal proceedings dealing with the Glenwood area claim between 1949 and 1968 were held in Washington D. C. The people of Glenwood were not invited, nor were state and county officials. In fact, public participation was not even possible. The Interior Department's actions following the final settlement of the claim appears to be an annexation of a 153 square-mile area into the Yakama Reservation-all done without the voice of the people most affected and in violation of the Indian Claims Act of 1946.

Interpretation of the 1855 Treaty by the Indian Claims Commission in 1966 is a story that I'd like to tell at another time.

TOPPENISH, Wash. — When the authority to enforce many types of criminal and civil cases involving tribal members was returned this week to the Yakama Nation by the federal government, Tribal Council Chairman JoDe Goudy treated it like the Fourth of July.

“I was sitting on my porch with a sparkler in my hand,” he told a crowd of more than 300 gathered Friday at the at the Yakama Nation Heritage Cultural Center for ceremonies commemorating the move called retrocession......

• Phil Ferolito can be reached at 509-577-7749 or [email protected]. Follow him on Twitter at twitter.com/philipferolito.

APRIL OF 2016:

By Sverre Bakke

APRIL 20, 2016
County Files Suit Seeking Determination Of Status Of Yakama Nation Boundary For Glenwood Valley

Shown is the southwest portion of the original 1855 treaty map.

#Klickitat County’s Board of Commissioners is bringing suit in federal district court against the U.S. Department of the Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs, seeking a determination that the Glenwood Valley is not part of the Yakama Nation Reservation.

#Prosecuting Attorney David Quesnel filed the lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for Eastern Washington this week in which the county asks the court for a declaratory judgment that the disputed Tract D of the Treaty of 1855 — which includes language that roughly sketches the reservation’s external boundary — is not within the boundary established by a 1904 act of Congress.

#The county alleges, “The Department of the Interior and BIA acted in excess of statutory jurisdiction, authority, limitations and short of statutory right by not expressly excluding Tract D from the government’s acceptance of the [Washington] State’s retrocession, thus implicitly assuming federal jurisdiction over Tract D and approving concurrent tribal jurisdiction without authority to do so.“

#Moreover, the county is seeking a permanent injunction barring the Department of Interior and BIA from exercising jurisdiction over Tract D, alleging, “The United States’ acceptance of the State of Washington’s retrocession of partial civil and criminal jurisdiction was unlawful.”

#The county’s lawsuit comes at a time when the Yakama Nation has begun policing tribal members who live in Tract D. The Yakama achieved this level of self-determination when the U.S. Secretary of Interior granted the nation’s petition for retrocession in 2015. In other words, the federal government has returned to the Yakama from the State of Washington partial jurisdiction over civil and criminal matters involving tribal members.

#Quesnel told The Enterprise last week the county’s longtime position has been that Tract D is part of the county, and that was the status quo until retrocession took effect on Tuesday, April 19.

#“At this point, the status quo is no longer satisfactory,” Quesnel said of the some 98,000-acre area that is now in question. He said the need to seek a legal determination “has been put off but we can’t do that anymore.”

#The Prosecuting Attorney and Commissioner David Sauter (R-Lyle), whose district includes the Tract D area, met with 40-50 Glen-wood residents to bring them abreast of new developments and to assure “people the county is speaking with one voice and that there is no change in Tract D as far as the county is concerned.”

#Quesnel added that the filing of the lawsuit “is the start of that’s going to be around for a while, un-fortunately.”

#Quesnel explained that the county’s motion for declaratory judgment and injunctive has two fronts: retrocession of police powers from the state to the Yakama in Tract D, and the age-old boundary line dispute between Klickitat County and the Yakama Nation.

#The county maintains it still holds all police power in the Tract D area. Quesnel said “there will be no change in how law enforcement, officers of the court, and other county officials treat this area,” which has long been under the county’s jurisdiction.

#The County Board directed Quesnel to initiate legal action during its March 22 meeting. Com-missioners also asked Quesnel to compile a list of law firms that specialize in this kind of litigation. On April 5, Quesnel presented to the board a Special Deputy Prosecutor Services Agreement with Foster Pepper, of Seattle, specific to the Glenwood/Tract D boundary iss-ue. The board approved it unanimously.

#During discussion of the motion, county commissioners “indicated that they were not pleased with having to defend the established boundary line but felt that the matter is something that needs to be settled.”


GENERATIONS OF LAND DISPUTE: Tract D is the area outlined in red on this map dated 1992.

The turf dispute between Klickitat County and the Yakama Nation is about to ramp up. The tribe says that as of next Tuesday, April 19, it will consider the town of Glenwood and a significant part of the Glenwood Valley-Tract D-part of their reservation. With the backing of the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), the Yakama Nation has won its fight for retrocession of the territory-for the moment. Starting Tuesday, the tribe will begin addressing law enforcement issues related to tribe members in that area.

Yakama Nation map of Ceded Lands and Reservation Boundary


AUG. 5, 2015

I was googling around doing some history research on William Frasier and came across this interesting bit about Frasier Creek.
I emailed them and asked them how they knew those rules.

I received a reply back from Powderhook:


Thanks for writing.

Interesting answer for this one. Frasier Creek is in what is known as a disputed area. The spatial data we have is from the Bureau of Indian Affairs and shows almost all of Frasier Creek as being in the Yakima Tribal Boundary. A separate dataset from the state of Washington showing tribal lands shows Frasier Creek to be in a disputed area. So the answer is that Frasier Creek is probably accessible to anyone and the jurisdiction is uncertain. Do you know what signage exists on the ground?

From the Yakima Tribal website: The Yakama Nation Mt. Adams Recreation Area is a unique area of the Yakama Reservation. It is the only area within the Yakama Reservation forested boundary that is open to non-Yakama tribal members. Ownership of this area has been in dispute dating back to the Treaty of 1855. An 1890 survey of the Yakama Reservation, accepted by the General Land Office, did not include the Tract-D area. The original treaty map, which included the Tract-D area, was found in 1930 after being misplaced for decades. In the meantime 98,000 acres of the Glenwood Valley had passed into private ownership. Another 21,000 acres were part of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest administered by the Department of Agriculture. After more than 100 years of dispute, in 1972 President Nixon by Executive Order 11670 authorized the return of the 21,000 acre portion of Mt. Adams, including the Summit, to the Yakama Nation.
Please make sure it is truly public before you access it. But, this is the best info we've got!
Take care,.....

From the July 8, 2015 Goldendale Sentinel
Written by Wayne Vinyard
Maps reveal Tract D historical 'corrections' may not be accurate

From the June 10, 2015 Goldendale Sentinel
Historian says Tract D history tells another story

I have read Andrew Fisher's book,  "SHADOW TRIBE  The Making of Columbia River Indian Identity"  and I believe it is an excellent source of information about the plight of the Columbia River Indian losing their identity to the Yakama Nation.  I highly recommend it as a source of information. 
I have read
1856 military documents stating  how much the Klickitat and Upper Cowlitz people use Kamas Lake.  The military leaders have meetings with tribal chiefs at Kamas Lake.  Interestingly, some of the military personnel openly state that Washington Territory governor Isaac Stevens is not interested in a settling peace with the Indians and he keeps them agitated. 
There are articles that say the Klickitat refused to attend the 1855 treaty signing and were unhappy when they found out Kamiakin had ceded their lands. 
Granted, those are all "white man's" accounts of what happened. 
There was a temporary  reservation set up in 1855 at the Joslyn Farm in White Salmon.  Anne Markgraf Ward refers to it in her book, 
Klickitat Saga 1805-1809.   It lasted for about three years and it extended into Camas Prairie.  One purpose of the WS reservation was to provide protection to the Native Americans who feared Kamiakin and his followers and a place to settle the Indians from the Vancouver, Clark County area. Some of those were the upriver Cowlitz who were related to the Klickitat people.  
Some of them were Klickitats who had moved into the  Willamette Valley after those tribes had been decimated by disease.  The U.S. Government told them they had to leave the Valley and return back to the east side of the Cascades. This angered some of the Klickitats. 
the U.S. government neglected to send the food supplies they had earlier agreed to provide, the Joslyn reservation was a rough existence.  They also lost many of their horses and cows because of inadequate grazing.  
The Government also neglected to pay Mr Joslyn for the confiscation of his farm and in 1859 he applies to congress for compensation.
I have not yet read any documents that clearly state that the Glenwood Valley, (Camas Prairie), is within Yakama Reservation boundaries.  Nor have I seen a copy of a map that was missing for thirty years, which shows the valley included within the Reservation Boundaries.  But, the Glenwood/ Tract D issue never goes away, which leads me to believe someone believes that the Glenwood Valley IS a part of the Yakama Indian Reservation. 
I do know that it is almost impossible to find a Washington State   map that does not show the Valley included in the reservation.  Sometimes, if you Google the Glenwood School, there is a website that will come up stating the school is on the Yakama Indian Reservation.
Both the Fish and Wildlife Service and Bureau of Indian Affairs, falls under the Department of Interior.  It will interesting to see what develops with Tract D and Conboy Wildlife Refuge.  In reference to the Sandhill Crane......
"A breeding population reestablished in the 1970s in the Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge on Reservation (in the Tract D area, outside of the Yakamas� Closed Area). Pairs have now also been documented at a few sites within the Closed Area. Although sandhill crane breeding areas were once fairly widespread on both sides of the Cascades, currently the Conboy Lake NWR and Yakama Reservation Closed Area sites are the only known places in the state where these cranes breed."  Yakama Nation Wildlife website

Yakama Nation Treaty of 1855

June 9, 1855 12 Stat., 951. Ratified Mar. 8, 1859. Proclaimed Apr. 18, 1859.

Articles: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the treaty-ground, Camp Stevesn, Wall-Wall Valley, this ninth day of June in the year one thousand eight hundred and Fifty-five, by and between Isaac I. Stevens, Governor and superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Territory of Washington, on the part of the United States, and the undersigned head chiefs, chief, head-men, and delegates of the Yakama Palouis, Pisquouse, Wenatchsahpam, Klikatat, Klingquit, Kow-was-say-ee, Li-was, Skin-pha, Wish-ham, Shyiks, Ocehchotes, Ka-milt-pha, and Se-ap-Cat, confederaetd tribes and bands of Indians, occupying lands hereinafter bounded and describes land lying in Washington Territory, who for the purposed of this treaty are to be considered as one nation, under the name of "Yakama," with Kamiakun as its head chief, on behalf of and acting for said tribes and bans, and being duly authorized thereto by them.


The aforesaid confederated tribes and bands of Indians hereby cede, relinquish, and convey to the United States all their right, title, and interest in and to the lands and country occupied and claimed by them, and bounded and described as follows; to wit: Commencing at Mount Rainier, thence northerly along the main ridge of the Cascade Mountains to the point where the northern tributaries of Lake Che-lan and the southern tributaries of the Methow River have their rise; thence southeasterly on the divide between the waters of Lake Che-lan and the Methow River to the Columbia River; thence, crossing the Columbia on a true east course, to a point whose longitude is one hundred and nineteen degrees and ten minutes, (119 10',) which two latter lines separate the above confederated tribes and bands from the Oakinakane tribe of Indians; thence in a true south course to the forty-seventh (47 ) parallel of latitude; thence east on said parallel to the main Palouse River, which two latter lines of boundary separate the above confederated tribes and bands from the Spokanes; thence down the Palouse River to its junction with the Moh-hah-ne-she, or southern tributary of the same; thence in a southeasterly direction, to the Snake River, at the mouth of the Tucannon River, separating the above confederated tribes from the Nez Perce tribe of Indians; thence down the Snake River to its junction with the Columbia River: thence up the Columbia River to the "White Banks" below the Priest's Rapids; thence westerly to a lake called "La Lac;" thence southerly to a point on the Yakama river called Toh-mah-luke; thence, in a southwesterly direction, to the Columbia River, at the western extremity of the "Big Island," between the mouths of the Umatilla River and Butler Creek; all which latter boundaries separate the above confederated tribes and bands from the Walla-Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla tribes and bands of Indians; thence down the Columbia River to midway between the mouths of White Salmon and Wind Rivers; thence along the divide between said rivers to the main ridge of the Cascade Mountains; and thence along said ridge to the place of beginning.


There is, however, reserved, from the lands above ceded for the use and occupation of the aforesaid confederated tribes and bands of Indians, the tract of land included within the following boundaries, to wit: Commencing on the Yakama River, at the mouth of the Attah-nam River; thence westerly along said Attah-nam River to the forks; thence along the southern tributary to the Cascade Mountains; thence southerly along the main ridge of said mountains, passing south and east of Mount Adams, to the spur whence flows the waters of the Klickatat and Pisco Rivers; thence down said spur to the divide between the waters of said rivers; thence along said divide to the divide separating the waters of the Satass River from those flowing into the Columbia River; thence along said divide to the main Yakama, eight miles below the mouth of the Satass River; and thence up the Yakama River to the place of beginning.........

Kamiakun, his X mark

Skloom, his X mark

Owhi his X mark

Te-cole-kun, his X mark

La-hoom, his X mark

Me-ni-nock. his X mark

Elit Palmer, his X mark

Wish-och-kmpits, his X mark

Koo-lat-toose, his X mark

Shee-ah-cotte, his X mark

Tuck-quille, his X mark

Scha-noo-a, his X mark

Sla-kish, his X mark

Signed and sealed in the presence Of:

James Doty, Secretary of Treaties,

Mie. Cles. Pandosy, O. M T.,

Wm. C. McKay

W. H. Tappan, Sub Indian Agent, W. T.,

C. Chirouse, O. M. T.

Patrick McKenzie, Interpreter,

A. D. Pamburn, Interpreter

Joel Palmer, Superintendent Indian affairs, O. T.,

W. D. Biglow,

D. Pamburn, Interpreter.

The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation:

No signatures or X's 


Tribal sovereignty in the United States
...Tribal sovereignty in the United States is the inherent authority of indigenous tribes to govern themselves within the borders of the United States of America. The U.S. federal government recognizes tribal nations as "domestic dependent nations" and has established a number of laws attempting to clarify the relationship between the federal, state, and tribal governments. The reference to Indians in the Constitution is not to grant local sovereignty. The only references are:

Shown is the southwest portion of the original 1855 treaty map.

Ralph Sampson Jr. receives 89 cents a year from a farming lease on his family’s 80 acres of land northwest of Harrah on the Yakama reservation.

That’s because he’s one of scores of owners on the tribal property that is held in federal trust. Now, he’s interested in a federal program that would allow him and other family members who own only a fraction of the land to sell their shares to the tribal government.

“For me, that’s fine,” said Sampson, former chairman of the Yakama Tribal Council. “I can’t really do much with a postage-stamp size of ground.”

He’s not alone. There are 175,135 acres on the reservation with highly splintered ownership. The roots of the problem extend back more than a century.

In 1855, the Yakama Nation signed a treaty with the federal government that reserved more than 1.2 million acres of land for the tribe’s exclusive use. But more than three decades later, a congressional act forced upon the tribe a foreign concept — land ownership.......

Glenwood fights Indian land petition
Saturday May 09, 2015
Lou Marzeles, The Goldendale Sentinel

The Yakama Nation has quietly issued a petition to the federal government to retrocede some 99,000 acres of northwestern Klickitat County, including the town of Glenwood, to within its reservation boundaries.

#Now — with action on the tribe's petition expected to be taken within the next two months — the county and area residents are fighting back, holding meetings, gathering concerned comments from state and federal authorities, and sending a commissioner to Washington, D.C., to meet with officials in an effort to bring this struggle of more than a century to a final resolution.

#Concerned area residents held a community meeting in Glenwood last week to get word from County Commissioner David Sauter about the issue.

#Sauter assured the gathering that the county was taking steps to settle the matter once and for all. Also at the meeting were County Prosecutor David Quesnel, County Sheriff Bob Songer, and a staff member from federal Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler's office.

#Herrera Beutler has not only weighed in on the issue; she has been proactive in helping the county bring the issue to authorities......

A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest
University of Oklahoma Press, 1992 - History - 289 pages

Discusses the different tracts including Tract D

page 4.  But still no photo of the original 1855 map found in 1930

This Finding of Facts 1966 is 17 pages.

1969 Claims for Fact Finding is 14 pages long.